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Surveying the Online Enforcement Landscape

January 14, 2016

Mark Robbins and François Larose write for the World Trademark Review's Country Correspondents - Canada section, discussing how two recent decisions show Canadian courts grappling with trademark concepts such as 'use' and 'confusion' in the online context. 

To read the article, please download the PDF below. 

This article first appeared in World Trademark Review issue 59, published by Globe Business Media Group - IP Division’. To view the issue in full, please go to


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Mark Robbins Mark Robbins
B.A., LL.B.
416.957.1605  email Mark Robbins
François Larose François Larose
B.A.A., LL.L., LL.M.
514.871.2109  email François Larose